Ni Pengfei, Kresl Peter, Li Xiaojing (2014), China urban competitiveness in industrialization: Based on the panel data of 25 cities in China from 1990 to 2009, Urban Studies, January 29, 2014.
There is a consensus in China that industrialization, urbanization, globalization and information technology will enhance China’s urban competitiveness. We have developed a methodology for the analysis of urban competitiveness that we have applied to China’s 25 principal cities during three periods from 1990 through 2009. Our model uses data for 12 variables, to which we apply appropriate statistical techniques. We are able to examine the competitiveness of inland cities and those on the coast, how this has changed during the two decades of the study, the competitiveness of Mega Cities and of administrative centres, and the importance of each variable in explaining urban competitiveness and its development over time. This analysis will be of benefit to Chinese planners as they seek to enhance the competitiveness of China and its major cities in the future.
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Intern at the CNRS, UrbaChina project. M.A. in urban local development (IEDES, Paris); M.A. in international development studies (Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris - Utrecht University); B.A. in geography and law (Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris).
倪鹏飞, 主编 Ni Pengfei, ed. (2013)中国城市竞争力报告 : 11 Zhongguo chengshi jingzhengli baogao. 北京 : 社会科学文献出版社 Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe. 460 p. ISBN： 978-7-5097-4575-5
New Benchmark: Constructing the Ideal city with Sustainable Competitiveness” It is a quest to explore the future development directions for cities in China. Based on research in the past ten reports，Annual Report on Urban Competitiveness（No.11）has achieved new progress in urban competitiveness theories with clearer theoretical framework and policy implications. It is the first time we clearly distinguish among the three parts of urban competitiveness，of which urban general economic competitiveness is the output，current and short-term aspect of urban competitiveness; urban industrial system competitiveness and urban sustainable competitiveness are the input，sustainable and long-term aspect of urban competitiveness. Urban general economic competitiveness shows cities’ ability to create value，which is reflected by the scale，speed and efficiency of cities’ value creation activity. Urban sustainable competitiveness is cities’ conditions of factors and environment，which is illustrated from six aspects，including the quality of economic agents，local factors，local demand，local and global connections，social systems and infrastructure. Aimed at building an ideal city，we claim that an ideal city should be people-oriented, livable city，entrepreneurship and business-friendly fair, inclusive, harmonious，environment-friendly，innovation-driven, city，urban-rural integrated，an communication and information friendly，culturally open and diversified. We extract key elements from the six aspects of urban sustainable competitiveness，and recompose them according to the eight characteristics of an ideal city. Then we design the index system of urban sustainable competitiveness. Therefore，a city’s urban sustainable competitiveness reflects the gap between an ideal city and its current state，as well as real cities ability to achieve the ideal. Based on the index system of urban general economic competitiveness and urban sustainable competitiveness，we analyze the urban general economic competitiveness of 293 cities and the urban sustainable competitiveness of 287 cities in China. And we find that there are big gaps between Chinese cities and the ideal city in terms of urban sustainable competitiveness in eight aspects. Each field needs to deal with a series of urgent problems. In the future，in order to build ideal cities and solve these problems effectively，Chinese cities should take the new path of urbanization and achieve sustainable development.
Centre d'études sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine, EHESS, Paris, France