Tag Archives: policy

Policy actors and policy making for better migrant health in China from a policy network perspective

Yapeng Zhu, Kinglun Ngok and Wenmin Li (2014), Policy actors and policy making for better migrant health in China from a policy network perspective, Migration and Health in China. A joint project of United Nations Research Institute for Social Development Sun Yat-sen Center for Migrant Health Policy, Working Paper 2014–12 July.

Various policy actors are now involved in the development of migrant health policy. However, little is known about who the main policy actors are, what roles they play, how they interact with each other, and how they might improve their collaboration for better migrant health. This paper aims to identify the main policy actors and explore their roles in migrant health policy making. Applying a “polic network” approach, it finds that the marginalization of migrants in terms of health benefits is mainly attributed to a closed policy network resulting from the peculiar political structure and specific institutional arrangements. Based on these findings, the authors argue that an inclusive policy network is needed to overcome the major institutional barriers and better satisfy migrants’ health needs.

Full text of the paper

  • Yapeng Zhu is Research Fellow at the Sun Yat-sen Center for Migrant Health Policy and Associate Director at the Center for Chinese Public Administration Research, and Professor at the School of Government, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.
  • Kinglun Ngok is Associate Director at Sun Yat-sen Center for Migrant Health Policy and Associate Director at the Center for Public Administration Research, China.
  • Wenmin Li is a doctoral student at the School of Government, Sun Yat-sen University

Jacqueline Nivard

Jacqueline Nivard, Centre d’études sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine

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China’s New Urbanisation Plan (2014-2020)

New urbanisation

China’s New Urbanisation Plan (2014-2020) is drawn up based on the reports of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Some Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Deepening the Reform, China’s 12th Five-Year Plan, and the National Plan for Major Function-oriented Zones.

The Plan (2014-2020) sets forth a clear path for Chinese urbanisation, aims to improve comprehensively the quality of urbanisation, clarifies the main objectives and strategic tasks, and coordinates different institutional systems and policy innovation. This plan is a macroscopic, strategic, and fundamental guidebook for planning a sustainable Chinese urbanisation.

The content of the plan can be downloaded here.

Chi-Han Ai

Ph.D. candidate of EHESS ( École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris) focusing on regional economic development in China and Taiwan.

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Stop food waste

城镇化发展虽然可以带来经济进步与生活便利,但相对也会引起一些负面的效应,食物浪费问题就是其中之一,食物浪费可能对环境造成严重危害,也对城镇化的可持续发展理念相违背。欧盟委员会因此拍摄了一系列影片、政策行动,倡导民众不要浪费食物。

为了杜绝食物浪费问题,欧盟各国都有不同的倡议与行动,这些行动不只来自于政府,更多来自于非营利组织,社团,例如:

–       英国废物和资源行动计划 (Waste and Resources Action Programme)

废物和资源行动计划成立于2000年,是一个由政府资助的非盈利公司。包括:环境部、食品和农村事务部、苏格兰政府、威尔士政府、北爱尔兰行政部和欧盟。英国废物与资源行动计划旨在帮助人们无论是在家还是在工作,多回收少浪费,提高经济和环境效益。

相关连结 : http://www.wrap.org.uk/

–       丹麦停止食物浪费运动 (Stop Wasting Food movement Denmark)

该行动是由非盈利政府组织所创立,是为了通过活动、宣传、新闻、讨论、辩论、事件和其他信息渠道,提高公众的反食物浪费意识,减少消费者的食物浪费。停止食物浪费运动还鼓励消费者在当地采取行动,例如捐赠剩余食物给无家可归者。

相关连结 : http://www.stopspildafmad.dk/inenglish.html

–       欧盟优化食物使用避免浪费策略(Food Use for Social Innovation by Optimising Waste Prevention Strategies ; FUSIONS)项目

FUSIONS是一个为期四年的欧盟FP7研究项目,致力于到2020年减少欧盟50%的食物浪费和20%的食品链资源投入。该项目由来自于欧盟的21个研究伙伴共同推动,汇集了学者、知识机构、消费者组织和企业共同实现这一目标。该运动旨在减少食物蓝给,通过协调量化方法,发展强大的利益相关者网络,通过试点研究的社会创新提出解决方案,以及指导欧盟共同的反食物浪费政策。

相关连结 : http://www.thinkeatsave.org/ch/index.php/partners/our-partners

更多相关组织,请参见 : http://www.thinkeatsave.org/ch/index.php/partners/our-partners与欧盟委员会网页: http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/sustainability/eu_actions_en.htm

Chi-Han Ai

Ph.D. candidate of EHESS ( École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris) focusing on regional economic development in China and Taiwan.

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Water resource issues, policy and politics in China

Scott Moore is Giorgio Ruffolo Doctoral Research Fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School. He was a guest researcher at Brookings’ John L. Thornton China Center and Brookings-Tsinghua Center for Public Policy in the spring of 2012.

Among the many challenges to China’s current economic development trajectory, water resource constraints are among the most worrisome. According to Barry Naughton, one of the foremost experts on the Chinese economy, “China’s greatest development challenges…are in the areas where a dense population pushes up against the limits of water and what the land can provide.” The water resource challenge to China’s development is exceptionally complex, encompassing a blend of geographical, political, economic, and social dimensions. This Issue Brief describes the root causes of China’s water resource challenge, assesses the Chinese government’s policy response to date, and finally offers recommendations to increase the effectiveness of these policies.

In short, China’s water resource challenge consists of both water quantity and quality issues, each of which present distinctive challenges for Chinese policy. Although the Chinese government is implementing perhaps the world’s most ambitious water resource management strategy, its efforts risk being undermined by inter-governmental rivalries, corruption, and incentives that favor economic development over sustainable resource use. In particular, inter-jurisdictional conflicts over water resources threaten to undermine policies to address water scarcity, while mis-matched incentives between pollution control and economic development at local levels of government threaten to undermine water quality control objectives.

Read the article on Brookings.edu: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2013/02/water-politics-china-moore

Jacqueline Nivard

Jacqueline Nivard, Centre d’études sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine

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