This news piece concerns the hukou reform announced on Wednesday (guowuyuan guanyu jinyibu tuijin huji zhidu gaige de yijian – 国务院关于进一步推进户籍制度改革的意见), which plans to eliminate the anachronistic distinction between agricultural and non-agricultural registration. From now on, citizens will be classified simply as residents. The report explains that the reform won’t affect a liberalisation of rural land rights that would allow urban residents moving towards rural areas and acquire rural land-use rights, which is illegal up to now. The report explains that the reform won’t affect the “bidirectional flow of people” (shuangxiang liudong – 双向流动), in contrast to the existing legal framework that only permits the “one-way circulation of rural residents towards the city”.
Li Wei (2013),From “Floating Population” to “Guest Beijinger”:Identity Formation of Migrant Workers in Beijing, CiNii Scholarly and Academic Information Navigator.
This study analyzes how floating migrant workers settle in the suburban area of Beijing and pays special attention to factors affecting their identity formation as “guest Beijingers”. Firstly, it examines the Chinese “hukou” policy and reveals the institutional restrictions on gaining the Beijing “hukou”.
Secondly, it attempts to show how migrant workers settle down and strive to construct the place identity through the place affiliation and social networks. Specifically, it links the existence of pace identities in the social context of migrant settlement with the varied factors that contribute to these identities. In other words, how migrants construct a sense of being On the one hand, migrants are not granted urban citizenship, since “hukou” restrictions largely prerent them from becoming future Beijing citizens. On the other hand, place identity grows with regard to the expansion and intensification of migrant networks in the receiving society, some of the migrants are not floating anymore and grow strong ambitions for permanent residence in Beijing.
Léa Daures, historian and student at the Ecole des Bibliothécaires Documentalistes (School for Librarians and Information Professions, http://www.ebd.fr), works part-time at the UMR China Korea Japan. She is currently monitoring information online on the subject of migrants in China for UrbaChina.