Category Archives: Hussain, Athar

UrbaChina programme on China Daily

This week, the China Daily (European weekly edition) has published an article on urbanisation in China in which several members of the UrbaChina consortium were interviewed, including Peter Daniels, François Gipouloux and Athar Hussain).

Cecily Liu, the author of this article, discussed the various challenges associated with China’s massive urbanization. Although this phenomenon creates huge opportunities for development, several issues, including the integration of rural migrants, need to be addressed. Liu believes that China needs to look closely at the EU’s urbanisation model in order to successfully build new cities to accommodate the growing urban population and offer them a better environment. Another challenge concerns China’s transition to a free market economy with a strong service industry. However, to achieve these goals, reforms need to be implemented in local financing.

European cities do have their own issues, but the European experience may offer new perspectives for China to improve its urbanisation. China may be inspired by the diversity of European cities and the various initiatives conducted to answer their environmental issues.

This article highlights the importance of cooperation between China and Europe to tackle the issue of urbanisation.

Cecily Liu (2013, June  14th), “Slick Cities”, China Daily.  Full version

Sebastien Goulard

Ph.D. in political science (EHESS, Paris); M.A. in social sciences (EHESS, Paris); M.A. in international relations (IRIS, Paris), B.A. (Hons) in international political studies (ESE - Nottingham Trent University)

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How do migrants from the BRICS countries participate in shaping the global society?

China in Comparative Perspective Network (CCPN) at LSE is engaged in an international collaborative research project known as ‘Comparative Studies on the New Migrants from BRIC counties in America, Australia, Japan and the UK’ (2009-2013). The project is collaborative with the Department of Sociology, Kwansei Gakuin University, Japan. funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) and involves researchers from Australia, Brazil, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Russia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, UK, and USA. Our research focuses on ‘new migrants’ who migrated from BRIC countries to the UK, the USA, Australia and Japan since 1989.

In responding to the changes from BRIC to BRICS, the large and fast-growing economies (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), which significantly influence regional and global affairs, we have added migrants from South Affric in the UK in the comparative studies. Both the BRICS countries themselves and the migrants they send out are of great importance in shaping the future of global society.

Our research can be used to identify ways of fostering the economic and social well-being of BRICS migrants in the four countries under study, and enhance their economic and social contribution to their host countries. We are also interested in ways in which migrants residing abroad can assist in the development of their home countries.

Apart from standard social scientific methods this project uses online questionnaire survey (it will be closed by the 31st January 2013). You are welcome to participate in the survey and the data can be shared at your request.

Date:2nd March 2013, Saturday;  Time: 9:00am-17:00;  Venue: CLM.2.02, LSE

Organisers and convenors



  • Professor Lixing Chen, KGU, Japan; President of Japan-Sino Sociological
  • Association  Dr Xiangqun Chang, Co-Director of CCPN, LSE

Chairs and speakers


  • Professor Athar Hussain, Director of Asian Research Centre, LSE
  • Dr Kent Deng, Director of CCPN; Reader of Economic History, LSE


Morning session 9:00-13:00

Chair: Professor Athar Hussain, Director of Asia Research Centre, LSE
Welcome and guest speeches 9:00-10:15

  • BRICS migrants in the UK, By Lord Michael Bates, Deputy Speaker and Deputy Chairman of the House of Lords
  • The Chinese in Europe: Migration history and their participation in shaping European society, by Professor Minghuan Li, Department of Sociology, Xiamen University, China; Consultant of Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of State Council, PRC
  • UK academic (tbc)

Case studies on the BRICS migrants and migration in the global society

  • 10:15-10:45 Is Japan’s Labour Structure in Transition? Lessons from the Brazilian Labour in the Mie Prefecture, by Professor KUMARA Ananda, Vice-President of Suzuka International University, Japan
  • 10:45-11:15 Russian skilled migration: perspectives from sending and receiving countries, by Dr Esuna Dugarova, Research Analyst, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Switzerland
    11:15-11:30 break
    11:30-12:00 From vulnerability to flexibility: Indian middleman traders in Shaoxing, China, by Mr Ka-kin Cheuk, PhD candidate, Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, St. Antony’s College, University of Oxford, UK
  • 12:00-12:30 Chinese lawyers in Brazil, Australia and the UK – a three way comparison, by Ms Helen Tung, Barrister, 1 Temple Avenue Chambers, London, UK
  • 12:30-13:00 South Africa as the BRICS Gateway to Africa and its Implications for Migration Patterns, by Ms Ana Faria-Santana, by CCPN Research Associate, LSE; former Research Director, Centre for Chinese Studies, University of Stellenbosch – South Africa
  • 13:00-14:00 Lunch (will be provided at the venue)
    Afternoon session: 13:00-17:00
  • The relationship migrated citizens have with their country of origin in a global society
  • Chair: Dr Kent Deng, Director of CCPN and Reader in Economic History, LSE
  • 2:00-:2:30 Comparative studies on what influence the migration from BRICs channelling back to their home countries, by Professor CHEN Lixing, PI of the BRIC migrant project, School of Sociology, Kwansei Gakuin University, Japan; President of Japan-China Sociological Society (JCSS), Japan
  • 2:30-3:00 Homeland Calling, Family Pulling: New Migrants from BRIC Countries in the UK, USA, Australia and Japan, by Dr SHAO Chunfen, Lecturer of Department of Japanese Studies, the University of Sydney, Australia
    3:00-3:15 break
    3:15-3:45 Allegiance Problems to Settled and Home Countries: Dynamics and Effects, by Professor KOMAI Hiroshi, Professor Emeritus, the University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • 3:45-4:15 How do Migrants from the BRICS Countries Participate in Shaping the Global Society? An overview by Dr Xiangqun Chang, Co-PI of the BRIC migrant project, CCPN, LSE, UK
    4:15-5:00 Closing remarks tbc Professor Stephan Feuchtwang, Department of Anthropology, LSE


  • Click HERE to download programme
  • Click HERE to download abstract
  • Click HERE to register

More information:


Jacqueline Nivard

Jacqueline Nivard, Centre d'études sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine

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UrbaChina Paris workshop

On December 20, 2012, an UrbaChina workshop was held in Paris. Every European academic member of the consortium was represented. Cristina Marcuzzo (European Commission) attended this meeting and highlighted the importance of the UrbaChina FP7 programme on the future of EU-China academic relations. This meeting was an opportunity for the participants to review the work and progress made so far.

From left to right: Hanna Ai (CNRS), Cristina Marcuzzo (EU commission), Stephan Feuchtwang (LSE), Jacqueline Nivard (EHESS), François Gipouloux (CNRS), Athar Hussain (LSE), Andrea Ricci (ISIS)

Each workpackage leader presented to the audience his or her first fieldtrip results and his or her observations about a particular topic on China’s urbanisation trends.

  • Prof. Gipouloux (CNRS) and Prof. Daniels (University of Birmingham) focused on the consequences of fiscal policies on urban design and service industries in Chinese cities.
  • Prof. Hussain (LSE) presented the audience with his latest results of studies on property rights in Chongqing.
  • After a presentation on urban planning, Prof. Bina (ICS) and Dr. Ricci (ISIS) focused on the predominance of economic growth as the main driving force behind urban policies in China.
  • Prof. Feuchtwang (LSE) pointed out the difficulties that municipalities face in building low cost housing.

Management and dissemination issues were also discussed during this workshop. Participants agreed to increased cooperation for fieldtrips. They also decided to start conducting surveys on improving syllabuses for urban studies in Chinese and European academic institutions.

The second international UrbaChina conference, including both European and Chinese institutions, will be held in Kunming, China on June 3-5, 2013.

「城镇化中国」项目于2012年12月20日在巴黎召开欧盟伙伴会议,席中每一位欧盟成员皆出席,欧盟委员会(European Commission)的Cristina Marcuzzo在会议中再次强调了欧盟第七架盟下: 「城镇化中国」项目中,欧盟与中国伙伴间合作交流关系的重要性。此次会议的目的,在于提供与会者交流并检讨过去项目计划的缺失与改进方法。

「城镇化中国」项目计划中的每位专题主持人,皆介绍了他们的调研成果与发现,也分享了他们对未来中国城镇化的看法 :

  • Gipouloux教授(法国国家科学研究院)与 Daniels教授(英国伯明翰大学)针对中国城市的税务政策与服务性产业发展提出看法。
  • Bina教授(萄葡牙里斯本大学)与 Ricci博士(罗马系统整合研究中心)在介绍城市规划现况后,认为经济增长是中国城市政策实施的主要动力。
  • Feuchtwang 教授 (伦敦政经学院)则针对城镇化中面对的困难提出看法,例如设立廉租房的议题等。
  • Hussain 教授(伦敦政经学院)则介绍了他对于重庆产权的最新研究成果。

会议中也针对「城镇化中国」项目研究成果的管理与未来传播管道进行讨论,与会成员皆赞同未来各专题间共同参与调研的可能。在项目计划专题6 (Workpackage 6)中,未来将对中国与欧洲学术机构在促成城镇化发展中,所开设的课程进行比较研究。


Sebastien Goulard

Ph.D. in political science (EHESS, Paris); M.A. in social sciences (EHESS, Paris); M.A. in international relations (IRIS, Paris), B.A. (Hons) in international political studies (ESE - Nottingham Trent University)

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Should China revisit the 1994 fiscal reforms?

  • Speaker: Dr Ehtisham Ahmad
  • Chair: Professor Athar Hussain

Recorded on 9 June 2011 in Thai Theatre, New Academic Building.

Does China need to conduct another “fundamental rethink” of the fiscal system as in 1993/4? The 1994 reforms have served the country well, but are inadequate in relation to the needs of local governments, and the stage of development that China now finds itself at. In particular, spending assignments that were not addressed in 1994 need to be tackled, along with own-source revenues to lead to greater sub-national responsibility and accountability, as well as levels of investment needed to maintain sustainable employment opportunities. A comprehensive reform is suggested, including revisiting tax and spending assignments, furthering domestic resource mobilization, as well as a redesign of transfers, budget systems, and development of local and municipal financing mechanisms.

Listen the conference on LSE website

Jacqueline Nivard

Jacqueline Nivard, Centre d'études sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine

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China Model 2

Professor Athar Hussain, a member of UrbaChina, is the Director of the Asia Research Centre.


  • Speaker(s): Dr Kent Deng, Professor Jude Howell, Professor Athar Hussain

Chair: Nick Byrne
Recorded on 8 December 2011 in Hong Kong Theatre, Clement House.
Source : the website of the London School of Economics.

Selected Publications of Professor Athar Hussain

  • Hussain, A; Wang Y (2010). Rural-Urban Migration in China: Scale, Composition, Pattern and Deprivation. In: Wu, F; Webster, S (eds.) Marginalization in Urban China: Comparative Perspectives. Palgrave Macmillan.


  • The Road Forward: Vietnam’s development in the near future 17th October 2012 Organised by LSE SU Vietnam Society
  • Pakistan after Bin Laden: Free-fall or resurgence? 7th June 2012 Speaker: Mr Ali Dayan Hasan. Chair: Professor Athar Hussain
  • Challenges to Governance in Hong Kong 14th March 2012 Speaker: Professor Anthony B. L. Cheung. Chair: Professor Athar Hussain

Source : LSE Asia Research Center

Jacqueline Nivard

Jacqueline Nivard, Centre d'études sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine

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