The objectives of the Anhui Yellow Mountain New Countryside Demonstration Project for China are to: (i) submit Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the project to the environmental protection departments of corresponding levels and World Bank (WB) respectively, which should be consistent with their respective regulatory requirements. (ii) assist Project Management Office (PMO) in the preparation of all components required in the environmental assessment process of WB (e.g., consultation with affected persons, information disclosure, etc.); and (iii) conduct due diligence according to the relevant requirements of WB for the project or related activities. Negative impacts include: solid waste, traffic, water pollution, noise pollution, health problems, and poor drainage. Mitigation measures include: (1) disposing domestic garbage of construction work by environmental protection department; (2) planning new construction road for connecting road between local village and remote villages; (3) supervising the dietetic hygiene to avoid poisoning accident; (4) clearing up and renovating land after the completion of construction; (5) providing sewage disposal facilities; (6) carrying out labor protection measures of builders and the builders should wear dust mask; and (7) prohibiting construction work during night to avoid noise pollution.
Arup, Tom. (2013) Where there’s smoke there’s China. The Age World, 8 May (accessed 7 June 2013).
As a former top diplomat in Beijing, and after three decades of professional and personal engagement with the country, Professor Ross Garnaut is no stranger to China.
In January, the respected economist and former Labor climate policy tsar found himself in Beijing again, this time to open a workshop hosted in part by China’s powerful National Development and Reform Commission.
Gathered were a group of international policy wonks, including many Australians and local government officials. They met to discuss options for what some in the public debate deny is happening – the introduction of a national carbon price in China.
In just over a month China will begin a massive experiment in emissions trading when the first of seven regional pilot schemes kicks off (and which one day may develop into a national scheme).
The stakes are high. China emits one-quarter of the world’s greenhouse gases. It is easily the world’s largest consumer of coal. In 2011 it released an estimated 9.7 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide – more than the US and India combined.
In his speech Garnaut painted a cautious, but encouraging, picture of where China stands on climate change.
Like other emerging economies of the BRIC countries, China witnesses now an increasing outflow of foreign direct investment (OFDI) while maintaining a high attractiveness for inward foreign direct investment (IFDI). The recent rapid development of China in part is based on the presence of IFDI that facilitated technological upgrading and allowed many firms to match the standards of Western companies in a variety of industries, including medium and advanced technologies. For specialists and Chinese political and business leaders, the results are mixed; Western firms located in China restrict the transfer of technology to maintain their competitive advantage. Chinese OFDI have experienced very strong growth during the last decade thanks in part to financial resources accumulated, in part by the willingness to seek supplies of raw materials to maintain the high growth rate of GDP. But they also develop in manufacturing, services, and financial sectors. The paper points out the various factors that lead Chinese firms to internationalize: access to markets, to resources, to technology. Beyond government subsidies, what specific factors allow Chinese firms to compete successfully? Facing competition from large Western multinationals, Chinese firms are able to develop specific strategies to facilitate their learning, their relations with large firms, their growth. The success of these companies should be confirmed in the medium and long term. For many observers, most companies at the moment are not yet truly internationalized. They often seek to acquire resources and to repatriate it in China.
Daniels, P W (2012) The transition to producer services in China: opportunities and obstacles, in Anthony G O Yeh and Fiona F Yang (eds.) Producer Services in China: Economic and Urban Development. London: Routledge, pp. 29-51.
While knowledge and innovation transfer via foreign producer services with a presence in China (attracted by the major inward invested manufacturing activities) will be important, a transition towards domestic supply of producer services attuned to the needs and expectations of domestic, and ultimately international, business clients will be important. China is also investing in major domestic infrastructure projects, including schools, hospitals, roads and railways that also stimulate demand for an improved supply of high quality, innovative producer services (logistics, marketing, design, construction, financial, business and professional) that are suitably distributed across the Chinese city system. But this is not without difficulties.
The location of most of the leading and economically diverse cities in the coastal regions has left many of the large cities in the inland provinces under-provided with producer services. Quasi-marketization has created challenges in so far as local and provincial governments, together with the large state-owned enterprises (SOEs), exercise significant influence on the patterns and priorities for investment in cities and regions. Apart from obvious exceptions such as Shanghai, the more rapid and visible returns from supporting the growth and development of manufacturing eclipse any enthusiasm for initiatives promoting the development of producer services are muted since they are less tangible, difficult in many cases to measure, and the benefits may only be evident over the medium or long term (say five or more years). While the policy commitment to the development of producer services in progressive cities like Shanghai is commendable it is far from the norm and in any event tends to be couched in terms of physical development (such as dedicated zones for various types of services) rather than ‘softer’ regulatory or other instruments tailored to the needs of producer services.
There remain as many questions as there are answers about the most efficient and effective ways to ‘bring on’ the development of producer services in China in ways that enhance the national economy in general and cities economies in particular. The agenda for some recently commenced research on urbanization, economic development and producer services as part of a four-year EU-China Collaborative Research Programme (URBACHINA) is outlined.
Ph.D. in political science (EHESS, Paris); M.A. in social sciences (EHESS, Paris); M.A. in international relations (IRIS, Paris), B.A. (Hons) in international political studies (ESE - Nottingham Trent University)
On November 22, 2011, the State Council – China’s highest executive body of state power – issued a document on the country’s policy response to climate change1, which called for low-carbon trials at industrial zones, communities and businesses. Industry accounting for 60% of all urban greenhouse-gas emissions, attention turned to industrial zones. But there were no models to follow, and no single set of plans or standards. Many low-carbon industrial zones just “went their own way”.
This year, the US Institute for Sustainable Communities (ISC) released a guide for the development of green industrial parks inChina. The assessment system includes 23 measures across four major categories:
energy use and greenhouse-gas management;
recycling economy and environmental protection;
zone management and protection mechanisms;
and planning layout and land use.
Energy use and greenhouse-gas management accounts for 60% of a zone’s score, and as such is the key element of evaluation.
Ph.D. Urban Planning and Public Policy (Rutgers University, New Jersey); M.Sc. Urban Affairs (Boston University); Architect (Technical University of Lisbon). Urban and regional planning consultant. Research fellow at Instituto de Ciencias Sociais – Universidade de Lisboa.
Yin Yimei 尹贻梅, Liu Zhigao 刘志高, Liu Weidong 刘卫东, Dai Juncheng 戴俊骋, « Chengshi lao gongye qu chuangyi zhuanxing lujing yanjiu: Yi beijing shijingshan yu yi sheng, chongqing daxue 城市老工业区创意转型路径研究:以北京石景山为例 », Dili yu dili xinxi kexue, 2011, Vol. 27, N° 6, pp. 55-60.
The transformation and reconstruction of urban old industrial areas is always an urgent and hot topic to study. In recent years, developing creative industries has become an important strategic initiative of fulfilling old industrial areas′ revitalization in developed countries and regions. The current studies on creative transformation of old industrial areas mainly focus on the status and effectiveness of creative transformation of old industrial zone, but seldom concern the mechanism of transformation from theoretical perspective. In this paper, the theories of path dependence and path creation are employed as the theoretical tools to study on the mechanism and path of the creative transformation in old industrial area, with Shijingshan, Beijing as an example. The paper first explains the concepts of path dependence, lock-in, path creation and their application in explaining the transformation of old industrial area; and then analyzes the historical origin of Shijingshan old industrial areas and its problems, then explores the creative transformation paths of Shijingshan, putting forwards three main paths, i. e., the industrial design and development, digital entertainment and recreation tourism industry; finally, this paper concludes with the responsibilities that the government should take in the transition process.
Other articles written by Liu Weidong in 2011-2012
Liu Weidong 刘卫东, Liu Hongguang 刘红光, Fan Xiaomei 范晓梅, Chen Jie 陈杰, Tang Zhipeng 唐志鹏, «Diqu jian maoyi liuliang de chanye – kongjian moxing goujian yu yingyong 地区间贸易流量的产业—空间模型构建与应用» ( Sector-Specific spatial statistic model for estimating inter-regional trade flows: a case study of agricultural, chemical and electronic sectors in China), Dili xuebao, Vol, 67, N°2, 2012, pp. 147-156.
Yang Hongmei 杨红梅, Liu Weidong 刘卫东, Liu Hongguang 刘红光, « Tudi shichang fazhan dui tudi jiyue liyong de yingxiang 土地市场发展对土地集约利用的影响» (Effects of land market development on land use intensity), Zhongguo renkou ziyuan yu huanjing, Vol. 21, N°12, 2011, pp. 129-133.
Liu Weidong 刘卫东, Jin Fengjun 金凤君, Zhang Wenzhong 张文忠, He Canfei 贺灿飞, Liu Zhigao 刘志高, « Zhongguo jingji dili xue yanjiu jinzhan yu zhanwang 中国经济地理学研究进展与展望» (Progress in economic geography 2006-2011), Dili kexue jinzhan, Vol 30, N°12, 2011, pp. 1479-1487.